When it comes to home climate control, Trane knows a thing or two. In the decades they have been producing HVAC equipment, they have also learned how to be more efficient and make some of the highest quality components you can find.
Trane heat pumps are just one of the long lines of products that bring comfort, temperature control, and energy efficiency to your home. Whether you are looking for the best heat pump for your home or wondering, “what is a heat pump and how do they work?” you are in the right place.
This article will examine heat pumps and help you decide if a Trane heat pump is the best solution for your needs. We will cover all Trane models and give you the information needed to select the ideal match.
Overview Of Trane Heat Pumps
Trane offers a lot of different styles, models, sizes, and options to choose from. Whether you are looking to upgrade an existing central AC or have a new install, a Trane heat pump is a viable and economical solution.
In total, there are over a dozen options. You can select tonnage and capacities to meet specific sizing needs or opt for more efficiency with a variable speed compressor.
Trane also offers some of the most compelling warranties around.
Depending on the model, the base warranty (1 to 20 years) comes standard with each purchase. If you then register that purchase within 60 days, the warranty is extended (5 years to lifetime, again dependent on model).
You also have the option to purchase an extended warranty with price and extension coverage.
With the registered warranty, your Trane is protected and still maintains the durability, comfort, efficiency, and affordability you come to expect from Trane.
What Is Heat Pump SEER Rating & Tonnage
Heat pumps have a few different measurements that you need to be aware of. The most common are SEER, HSPF and tons. Like with a central HVAC system, the tonnage of a heat pump has nothing to do with weight.
Tons are a measurement of the number of BTUs the heat pump can output. 12,000 BTUs equals one ton. This is a correlation between heat pump capacity and the size of your home. A 1200 square foot home, for example, would get better performance and efficiency from a 2 ton unit (24,000 BTU) than a 5 ton unit (60,000 BTU).
The SEER rating is the Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio. This rating is a numerical representation of how efficient the heat pump is at cooling in the summer (season). The higher the rating, the more efficient the system. Most Trane heat pumps fall between 16 and 20 SEER, which isn’t the highest in the industry but is above average.
The HSPF, or Heating Seasonal Performance Factor, measures the efficiency over the winter months and tells you how efficient the system is at heating. This number is lower than SEER but shows you the same thing. A higher HSPF means a more efficient system.
Note, though, that only air to air heat pumps have an HSPF measurement. Water to air geothermal heat pumps, such as those offered by Bosch, use the Coefficient of Performance (CoP) measurement instead.
Trane Heat Pump Range (Side By Side Comparison)
The Trane heat pump range is split into three basic categories. Each category is known by the type of compressor inside. Variable speed compressors are the most efficient. Two-stage heat pumps are more efficient than one stage, but the one stage is the most affordable. Here is a breakdown of what Trane offers.
|Heat Pump Model||SEER||Ton||Home Size||Compressor Type||HSPF||Cost (Unit Only)||Cost + Install|
|XV20i Variable Speed||20||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Variable speed||10||$5700 – $8000||$10500 – $14500|
|XV19 Variable Speed||19.5||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Variable speed||12||$5600 – $7900||$9500 – $13500|
|XV18 Variable Speed||18||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Variable speed||10||$5400 – $7700||$9000 – $13000|
|XL18i Two-Speed||18||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Two-stage||9.5||$5100 – $7400||$8000 – $11500|
|XR17||17.25||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Two-stage||9.6||$4600 – $5700||$7200 – $10400|
|XL16i||20||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Single-stage||10||$4500 – $5600||$6800 – $9600|
|XR16 Low Profile||17||2 – 5||1200 – 3000 sq. ft.||Single-stage||10||$4300 – $5500||$6800 – $9600|
|XR16||17||1.86 – 5||1000 – 3000 sq. ft.||Single-stage||9.6||$4250 – $5400||$10000 – $13400|
|XR15||16||1.5 – 5||900 – 3000 sq. ft.||Single-stage||9.5||$3500 – $5000||$5200 – $7600|
|XR14||14||1.5 –||900 – 3000 sq. ft.||Single-stage||8.2||$3300 – $4800||$5400 – $7400|
Trane Heat Pump Reviews
Trane separates their heat pump models into three groups. Each group is based on the type of compressor used in the system, variable speed, two-stage, and single-stage. Each group has different models with other capabilities or functionalities. Let’s take a closer look.
Trane Modulating Variable Heat Pump Reviews
The variable speed heat pumps are the most efficient. Not only do they offer the highest SEER and HSPF values, but they also run less often, take less energy to start, and run quieter.
There are three options here. The top of the line is the XV20i. This model uses Trane’s ClimaTuff variable speed compressor (as do all three models), which allows from 0 to 750 stages.
When the system runs, it will take measurements of temperature, humidity, and other factors—making micro-adjustments to the speed needed to maintain or reach the set temperature.
When the compressor doesn’t have to work at full speed, it becomes much more efficient. And because it never comes to a complete stop, there are fewer power requirements to get it started at higher speeds.
The XV18 is near identical in set up and capabilities as the XV20i. It has a stouter set during install and uses a different fan motor. These small changes make the system slightly less efficient (18 SEER compared to 20 SEER) but saves you up to $3500 on unit and installation costs.
The XV19 also uses the same compressors, pumps, and system components. However, it is a low profile setup. This is ideal for homes with little space for unit mounting or multi-family housing where many units need to be installed near one another.
The Variable speed models all come with the base 5-year warranty, which qualifies for the registration warranty upgrade.
Trane Two-Stage Heat Pump Reviews
A step-down in models removes the variable speed pump and replaces it with a two-stage pump. There are two models in this series, the XL18i and XR17. They also offer quite a drop in price and installation costs.
You will find both models qualify for the federal tax credit (see further below). With an HSPF over 9.5 and SEER ratings of 17.25 and 18, you can be energy efficient, save money on install and unit costs while still maintaining a comfortable temperature in your home.
There are minor downsides to the two-stage models. While they aren’t as efficient as the variable speed models, only the pump compressor is affected. That means the rest of the system is near identical. And with a drop of only about 1 to 1.75 SEER, the cost savings upfront may be worth looking into.
These models also feature the Trane 5-year base warranty and are eligible for the 10-year registration warranty upgrade.
Trane Single-Stage Heat Pump Reviews
Finally, there are the more common single-stage pump models. Here you will find the most affordable units made by Trane. The single-stage compressor isn’t the most efficient, but it may be all you need.
For an inexpensive upgrade that will last you easily 10 to 15 years, you can get your main savings upfront and still experience lower monthly energy bills compared to your older central AC unit.
Trane has 5 models with a single-stage pump. The XR15 model is the most popular, a great value between price and efficiency while still qualifying for the tax credit. If you have an existing central system, it is a fairly inexpensive swap.
Northern climates that don’t have such harsh summers or do not require constant cooling will find the cheaper XR14 model to their liking. And those that want more can find SEER values up to 20 and HSPF ratings up to 10 with the XL and XR16 models.
Depending on which model you choose, the 5-year base warranty may not be upgraded, though most models will qualify. Others that do get upgraded may not reach the full 10-years of the higher-end models. Make sure you read the fine print before you buy.
What To Consider When Buying A Trane Heat Pump
There are several factors you need to think about and decide upon before you make a purchase. Of course, brand and model are near the top of that list. There are, though, bigger issues to consider.
One of the first things to consider is heat pump size. Measured in tons, the size will directly correlate to the space you need to heat or cool. On average, you should look for a unit with enough output to match 20 BTUs per square foot. This isn’t the most scientific measurement; it is a good estimation.
You also need to think about noise levels. Heat pumps are typically quieter than central units, but some can get quite noisy when running on high. Trane typically has average or below average noise levels with decibels ranging between 40 and 70dB.
You should also think about installation. A trained HVAC technician will ensure your unit is installed, connected, and running properly. Some warranties also require professional install, so make sure you know before you attempt to do it yourself.
Finally, you will need to think about the cost and warranty. Trane heat pumps aren’t the least expensive on the market. However, they are among the most durable and best warrantied. The initial cost is made up for by the high-efficiency ratings and ease of use.
While you may pay more upfront for a Trane than some other brands, you earn it back in your annual energy savings in a shorter amount of time. The warranty is also fairly standard, but a free registration online will extend that warranty up to a lifetime. Well worth it for a durable and long-lasting unit.
Green Energy Tax Credits Explained
The federal government started the Non-Business Energy Property Tax Credit program. This program gives you a certain amount of money in tax credits. The program began in 2018 as a way to give homeowners an incentive to purchase and install energy efficient systems.
For heat pumps, the tax credit is $300. To qualify, you must meet all of the following requirements:
- Must be an existing home that you live in. New construction or rentals do not qualify.
- Unit must be purchased and installed before December 31, 2021.
- Heat pump must be energy star certified and,
- Split systems must have a minimum of 15 SEER and 8.5 HSPF
- Package systems must have a minimum of 14 SEER and 8 HSPF.
If you meet all the requirements, you will only need to fill out IRS tax form 5695. This form is submitted with your annual income tax return for the tax credit.
Note that there is current legislation trying to extend the tax credit program through 2026 and a possible doubling of the credit amount.
Calculating A Heat Pumps Power Consumption
Power consumption is easily calculated using a basic multiplication formula. While the formula isn’t going to give you an exact number, it can get you close enough to know if the system is too costly.
There are four parts to the formula.
- Wattage intake. This is on the model information label. If it is not listed, you can multiply volts and amps together to get the watts. Once you have the wattage, you need to divide by 1000 to get the kilowatts, which we will use in the formula. For example, 3500 watts is 3.5 kilowatts (kW).
- You also need to know how much you pay per kilowatt-hour of electricity. This is found on your monthly electric statement or by calling your electric company. The current national average is $0.13 per kWh.
- You will need to know or guess the number of hours per day the unit runs. This means the actual running time, not just when the system is on. Average daily runtime is about 5 to 6 hours.
- Finally, you need the number of days you want to know the cost of. Most people are interested in a 90-day cycle that covers a full summer or winter season.
Once you have the numbers, the formula multiplies the kilowatts and the cost per kilowatt-hour. It then multiplies the hours per day and the days in the cycle together, finally multiplying them all together to get the price per season.
kW x $ per kWh x runtime x days = Seasonal Cost.
Using our example numbers of 3500 watts (3.5 kW), $0.13 per kWh running 5 hours per day for 90 days, the formula looks like this:
3.5 x $0.13 x 5 x 90 = $204.75
Trane Heat Pumps Vs. Other Brands
Trane Vs. Goodman Heat Pumps
When it comes to model selection, Trane doubles up on Goodman, who offers only 6. However, where Goodman excels is in pricing and warranty. Goodman units are just as efficient as Trane, but because Trane offers more models, they have a slightly higher SEER average across their entire lineup.
Goodman units are also cheaper across the board and in installation fees. Trane has a better base warranty on their top-end models with 20-year protection. Goodman only offers 5 years on all their models. Both brands, though, will extend the warranty if you register your purchase within 60 days.
Goodman extends all part warranties to 10 years and lifetime on the compressor. Trane also has a lifetime compressor warranty, but only on specific models. And even with the registration extension, Trane’s lower-end models still only get 5 years of coverage.
On average, though, Trane is the better deal, especially when going for a higher-end model. The coverage is similar, the install is also the same, but Trane has a more durable unit with lower maintenance and cheaper repairs.
Trane Vs. Bosch Heat Pumps
What Trane is to Goodman, Bosch is to Trane. Trane has less expensive models and slightly better warranty coverage. Bosch has more durable machines and a larger selection of models.
Bosch also has geothermal (water to air and water to water) models available. While geothermal units can cost up to $25,000 to install, they will cut your energy bill by up to 70% each year. For a more practical approach, though, the mini-split (ducted and ductless) are a simpler option.
When it comes to efficiency, Bosch also has a slightly higher SEER average. They also combine for a 9.5 HSPF (across all models and lines), which is much higher than almost every other brand.
Where Trane is better is in availability and size. Trane systems come in low profile models, and slim-line styles for smaller space installs. This also minimizes the need for slabs and other mounting concerns, which can lower installation costs.
Trane Vs. Carrier Heat Pumps
Carrier may be the biggest name in the home climate control game. It is also possible they are the most well known, too. This popularity doesn’t end at the heat pumps, either. Carrier has an army of models to back them up, and they split their name with 5 other brands.
While Trane is also one of the big 5, they aren’t as big as Carrier. However, where Carrier works to get into each budget range, Trane focuses more on quality and durability. Trane does cost more on average but offers a better warranty and a less expensive install (in most cases).
When choosing a heat pump, you really can’t go wrong with either brand (or any of the ones listed here). However, for lower maintenance and more durable machines, go with Trane. If you want reliable, easy to work on, and readily available parts, a Carrier may be your better option.
Trane Vs. Lennox Heat Pumps
Lennox is a lot like Trane. They both offer durable units that cost a little higher than average. Both brands focus on quality parts and a high-end product and don’t cater to all budget ranges.
You will also find that Lennox has 12 models to choose from, like Trane. Lennox has a higher average SEER rating (Trane has a higher HSPF average), and Lennox models tend to cost less to install.
Where Lennox takes a step out is in the warranty. They offer a flat 10-year compressor and 5-year parts warranty, standard. Trane has a variable warranty that covers 1 to 5 years standard. Both can be extended through registration, though.
For a slightly more affordable unit, Trane has your answer. They also have more low-profile options for tricky or space-limited installs. Lennox has a durability that isn’t matched by anyone, and once installed, you will reap the benefits they offer. Lennox just isn’t for every budget.
Why Should You Hire A HVAC Professional For Installation?
Hiring a professional HVAC technician for your heat pump installation is the best idea. While the homeowner can install some systems, most will require a license or certification to handle. If you do not have these certifications or knowledge, you can cause a lot of damage, put yourself, your home, and the equipment in harm’s way.
Hiring a professional will save you money in the long run. While initial labor costs will be higher, adding to your initial budget, it is worth it. First, you know that you will install the correct model. A licensed HVAC technician is obligated to inform you of the size requirements and capabilities of your space and equipment. If you ordered wrong, they would correct you.
Where safety is concerned, you are covered there, too. Proper installation, leveling, operation, and fundamental functionality safety are all added with a professional installer. Most legitimate contractors will also offer some type of labor warranty to help protect your investment.
You will also find that a system installed professionally will be more efficient. Proper installation ensures the entire system is set up, working, and performing as expected. You reach the maximum potential of the system with a proper install, and that is where you save the most money over time.
If you need help finding a professional contractor, we have partnered with Networx to help you out. The finder tool will give you up to 4 high-quality contractor leads so you can get your project started today.
Trane Heat Pump Troubleshooting Tips & FAQs
This section will cover some of the basic troubleshooting tips and answer some of the more commonly asked questions about Trane and heat pumps in general.
Why is my heat pump not turning on?
There are several reasons a heat pump may not be turning on. The first thing you want to check is the thermostat. Ensure the fan mode is set to ON or AUTO and not to OFF. Also, check that the correct mode is selected (heat or cool) and that the temperature is accurate.
You also want to check the air filter for clogs and blockages which can impede airflow. While this doesn’t generally keep the system from coming on, it can be a simple check and fix if it is causing the issue.
Most likely, though, the issue is a tripped breaker or an overheated compressor. If the breaker is tripped, you will need to find out why. If the pump or compressor is overheated, it will shut down until the internal temperature is lower. If it continues to happen, you need to call an HVAC tech to figure out the cause of the overheating.
Trane heat pump trips breaker
If your heat pump continuously trips the breaker, several issues are going on. The ones you can check include airflow and standard maintenance. Ensure your air filter is clean and not clogged or damaged. You also want to check the condenser coils. Dirty and clogged coils cause the system to work harder, drawing more power to run as expected.
Other issues can be a worn capacitor or limit switch, but an HVAC tech will need to test and diagnose those issues. If the system is clean, the thermostat is working properly, and airflow is not impeded, it is an internal electrical issue, and it is time to call a professional.
Trane heat pump blower doesn’t run
Nothing is worse than when you need heat, and the system comes on but nothing happens. When the blower doesn’t move, the blower motor is usually at fault. Several things can cause this. The usual culprit is the run capacitor for the motor.
This can prevent power from getting to the motor and should be changed out. The other standard power supply areas need to be checked. Circuits, thermostat, and power wires leading to the motor. If all that checks out, the motor is burned out and needs to be replaced.
How do I reset my Trane heat pump?
You want to locate the power switch on your heat pump. Most Trane models have the switch under the nameplate sticker at the top of the unit. You can also refer to the owner’s manual to locate the switch.
To reset your Trane heat pump, turn the switch to the off position and wait 30 seconds to 2 minutes. This will power-cycle the control board and reset the system when it is turned back on. Note that some models may need two power cycles to reset fully.
Once you turn the system back on, you will need to locate the reset button. This is usually a red or yellow button located inside the unit near the blower motor fan. Press and hold the button, release, and then turn the system back on at the thermostat.
Are Trane heat pumps quiet?
Trane heat pumps are fairly quiet. The XV19 model is one of their quietest models producing only 43DBA. However, lower-end models do get louder. On average, though Trane heat pumps are slightly lower than the industry average in noise production, making them some of the quietest models on the market.
When does soft lock-out on a Trane heat pump occur?
A soft-lockout is a process that prevents the system from running when it could cause damage to the heat pump. In almost all cases, this is when the outside temperature is too cold to produce enough heat. Running at low temperatures will cause the system to work too hard, burning out components and causing damage. It can also happen when internal temperatures are too high.
If you experience a soft lock-out, there isn’t much to be done. Wait until outdoor temps rise a bit, or keep the system shut off until it cools. If the lock-out happens constantly, there may be a problem with the sensors or the control board. A trained professional will be able to properly diagnose the underlying issue and help you plan the proper repair steps.
Trane heat pumps are among the most efficient and durable units you will come across. While most of their models are technically considered mid-range, they offer a balance between high-efficiency and budget.
With 13 total models to choose from ranging between ½ ton and 6 tons capacity, you are sure to find a model that suits your exact needs. Low profile options are easier to install, and all of the heat pumps can save you monthly energy fees.
You have options when choosing your next heat pump. Hopefully, this article showed you everything Trane has to offer. You should have a better idea now if Trane is a brand worth pursuing further or if you need to turn your attention to another brand.
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